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The rigs described here are are ones that can used in and around Tywyn whilst sea fishing, they can be bought from most tackle suppliers or made, the choice is yours.

Whilst the rigs can be bought, half the fun of fishing is actually making the end tackle to catch the fish. The image and description should help you build your own, but I an not going to start saying that the main trace must be this length and the hook this size - play around with them and find what is best for you

Thanks to all who helped with making the images below.

Running Ledger Pennel_Rig Pulley Rig
Rotten Bottom Rig Snaggy Rig Long Leader Rig
Wishbone Rig 1 Hook up and Down Plaice Rigs


Running Ledger

This rig is the easiest and simplest hook rig to use.

It has a sliding weight and is often favoured by the novice angler as it is an straightforward rig to tie and use.

On the other hand, it definitely has its position in more specialized fishing when in search of species such as Conger and Tope.


Pennel Rig

It is an ordinary rig but with the addition of an extra hook on the main snood.

Before tying on your main hook, thread your line through the eye of a second hook. Keep this in place by sliding a piece of sleeving  down the line and over the hook as shown opposite. Tie on your main hook. The top hook can be slid up or down the snood to suit bait size etc.

This type of rig, in my humble opinion, works best with worm baits and is real good for cod. There is no need to bait top hook but it is up to you. You may wish to thread a piece of white worm on it if you are using lug on the main hook. Many fish are taken on the top hook of this rig. Choice of hook sizes is up to you. Possible combination is 4/0 main hook 2/0 top hook.

Pulley Rig

The Pulley rig can use a Pennel type hook set up or a single hook.

The advantage of the pulley rig when used on snaggy bottoms is that once a fish has been hooked the weight of the fish pulls the line through the top swivel and thus lifts the sinker away from the bottom. With the addition of a bait clip the rig can be cast clipped down for extra distance.

The length of the hook snood can be changed depending upon conditions and heavy seas. The shorter length having the advantage that it is not knocked about to much in the heavy conditions, and hopefully should not get snagged or tangled.

Remember to alter the sinker snood with the hook snood

Rotten Bottom Rig


Ideal for fishing short distances in rough ground. The trace ends in an oval split ring above which is a large round bead kept tight against the spilt ring with a crimp. Attached to the bottom of the spilt ring is a short length of main line, which is formed into a loop. Also, a longer length of weak line is attached to the split ring. An oval split ring is also attached to the sinker.


To operate - the loop of line is put through the split ring on the sinker and looped over the upside down bait clip. The weaker line is tied direct to the sinker split ring. When the sinker hits the water the loop lifts off the upside down bait clip and slides back through the sinker split ring.

This leaves the sinker attached only by the weaker line, which can easily be snapped off if the sinker becomes snagged.

Snaggy Rig


The length of this rig is influence by the difficulty of the snags that you will be come across. I.e. not many snags maybe a 2 rig, really snaggy then 10 inches is long enough.

Its a typical paternoster, apart from the lower crimp being changed for the telephone wire tightly coiled below the bead. This rig can be better than a pulley rig as you can use the tightness of the telephone wire to set the hook, before the snood drops to the weight under the heaviness of the fish.

This rig is intended to decrease the risk of the weight being snagged on recovery. Use a 3/0 Viking with these breaking strains and, providing your mainline is up to it, the hook will straighten out before the snood breaks.

Long Leader Rig

This is really an Up and Over rig which allows you to use a long flowing trace that will sit near the sea bed, the rig be used on clean beaches where snags are at a minimum.

The hook length is connected via a swivel at the bottom of the trace and is looped over an upside down bait clip at the top. A bait clip located near the swivel allows the hook to be clipped down during the cast.

Hook assembly can be a single hook or a Pennel type rig, on entering the water the hook length is freed from the upside down bait clip and drifts out attached close to the sinker. On retrieve, the rig has the same return as the pulley rig in that the sinker is lifted clear of the bottom if a fish is on.

Wishbone Rig

The major benefit, of the Wishbone is that it allows the use of two baits - either the same or different, to be fished close together, thus doubling both the scent trail and offering fish a choice of food.

The rig is very streamlined as long as the baits are clipped down. To protect the baits from impact it is recommended that and impact shield is used.


1 Hook up and Down

This is a pretty simple rig that uses two hook snoods. One of the hooks is tied at the top of the trace length and the other tied at the bottom. This rig clearly multiply by two your chances of catching fish and allows you to fish two different baits at slightly different depths.

If fish continuously come to one hook then it would seem the bait on that hook is the one to use. If you omit the bait clips then the rig (now called a flapping rig) can be used for lob casting over short distances.

Various configurations of this rig are possible -- two up and one down is another example either clipped or flapping - add in two hook snoods up the trace and one at the bottom.

Length of the snoods is essential in that they must not be so long as to knot with the other snood too easily



Plaice Rigs

The simple rig consists of a piece of 30lb line tied to a swivel and ending in a lead link.

The length between the lead link and hook snood swivel is variable between 15 and 25cm. You can use the shorter length in a slack tide and the longer in a strong tide.

The two snoods are also changeable but the opposite applies with the lengths, use the longer lengths for a slack tide and vice versa. The white attractor is an not obligatory, but can make a difference.

Another possible extra is the adding of a weak link between lead link and sinker, plaice can be taken over gravel or mussel beds, which can quite easily snag your line or sinker. The distance from the hook to the start of the beads depends on the bait.










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